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Is Home Insurance Mandatory in Canada?


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“Is home insurance mandatory in Canada?” Whether you’re a new homeowner or in the market for a house, you may find yourself asking this question. The short answer is no. Home insurance is not mandatory in Canada. However, it’s highly advisable to have home insurance to protect your home in unforeseen circumstances, such as fire, theft or natural disasters. Home insurance is often also a requirement to qualify for a mortgage agreement.

While you are under no legal obligation to sign up for home insurance in Canada, there are many reasons to consider it. This article goes over the benefits of home insurance in Canada and how it can help a homeowner protect their home in the long term.

Here’s what you can expect to learn:

      The Importance Of Home Insurance.

      What Does Home Insurance Cover?

      The Legal Requirements For Home Insurance In Different Canadian Provinces.

      How To Get Affordable Home Insurance.

      Common Myths About Home Insurance.

First, let’s unpack why home insurance is a worthwhile investment.

Why Is Home Insurance Important?

Home insurance safeguards not just your home but your financial well-being. While you may never expect it to happen to you, disasters can occur at any time. Faulty wiring may cause a fire, a natural disaster could shatter all your windows, or a pipe might burst and flood your living room with all your expensive wooden furniture. Whatever the case, home insurance can spare you the cost of paying for the damage out of your own pocket. 

What Does Home Insurance Cover?

There are several home insurance components including property coverage, personal liability coverage and additional living expenses coverage. The general function of each component of home insurance is listed below.

      Property coverage: This protects the physical structure of your home and any detached features such as a garage or shed. It also covers personal belongings such as furniture, appliances and electronics against theft.

      Personal liability coverage: Personal liability coverage protects you if someone is injured on your property and files a lawsuit against you. It covers legal expenses and any damages awarded to the injured party.

      Living Expenses Coverage: This is paid out if your house becomes unhabitable due to a disaster. It covers the costs of temporary accommodation, meals, and other living expenses while your home is being repaired or rebuilt.

There are generally two main types of home insurance coverage that contain some or all of the above components:

      Named Perils: Named perils coverage accounts for specific risks that are explicitly mentioned in your policy. Examples of named perils include fire, theft, vandalism, and certain natural disasters.

      Comprehensive: Comprehensive coverage, also known as all-risk coverage, provides protection for a wide range of risks unless they are explicitly excluded from your policy. It offers broader coverage compared to named perils.

Depending on which type of home insurance you choose, you can have protection against a wide or narrower range of eventualities and disasters. Named peril insurance will typically be cheaper than comprehensive insurance. 

What Does Home Insurance Cover?

While home insurance is not mandatory at the federal level, certain provinces in Canada have specific legal requirements for homeowners. These requirements may vary from province to province. We looked into home insurance requirements in each Canadian province and compiled the information below:

      British Columbia (BC): In BC, home insurance is not legally required. However, if you have a mortgage, your lender will likely require you to have home insurance.

      Alberta: Home insurance is not mandatory in Alberta. However, if you have a mortgage, your lender will likely require you to have insurance.

      Ontario: Home insurance is not legally required in Ontario. However, if you have a mortgage, your lender will almost certainly require you to have insurance.

      Quebec: Home insurance is not mandatory in Quebec. However, if you have a mortgage, your lender will likely require you to have insurance.

      Newfoundland and Labrador: Home insurance is not legally required in Newfoundland and Labrador. However, if you have a mortgage, your lender may require you to have insurance.

In summary, while home insurance is not legally required in any Canadian province, in the case of mortgages, nearly all lenders will require that you have home insurance. 

How To Choose the Right Home Insurance Policy

Choosing a home insurance policy, given all the options and eventualities, might be overwhelming. Below are some key factors to consider when selecting a policy to simplify your decision.

      Coverage Options: Evaluate the coverage options available and choose a policy that suits your needs. Consider the specific risks in your area and the value of your home and personal belongings.

      Deductible: A deductible is how much you need to pay before your insurance will cover the rest. The higher the deductible, the cheaper your insurance premiums. However, having a higher deductible may make it more difficult to file a claim later on.

      Insurance Provider: Research different insurance providers and compare their policies, customer reviews, and financial stability. Choose a reputable and reliable provider with a good track record.

      Policy Limits: Pay attention to the policy limits.  Policy limits determine the maximum amount your insurance company will pay for a covered claim.

      Discounts: Inquire about any discounts, such as bundling policies, installing security systems, or being claims-free.

Remember to compare policies and carefully read the policy fine print before making a decision. 

How To Save Money on Home Insurance Premiums

Home insurance premiums in Canada can cost anywhere from $60 to $160 a month. The cost of your home insurance will vary based on your house value, where you live, whether it is occupied, and how close you are to emergency services. It may be worthwhile to find ways to decrease your monthly premiums, so we’ve listed a few tips to get lower prices on your insurance:

      Compare options: Find quotes from various insurance providers and compare prices and coverage options. This will help you get the best value for money.

      Increase the Deductible: Consider increasing your deductible to lower your premiums. However, ensure you can comfortably afford the higher deductible if you need to file a claim.

      Bundle Policies: Many insurance companies offer discounts if you bundle your home insurance with other policies, such as auto insurance. Take advantage of these multi-policy discounts to save money.

      Improve Home Security: Installing security systems, smoke detectors, and burglar alarms can lower your premiums. These measures reduce the risk of theft and damage, making your home less risky to insure.

      Build a good credit score: Insurance premiums can vary based on your credit score, so having a good one can decrease your premiums.

By implementing these tips, you can save money on your home insurance premiums without compromising coverage.

Common Myths About Home Insurance in Canada

There are many commonly misunderstood aspects of home insurance in Canada. To dispel these myths, we’ve addressed the most common myths below.


Myth 1: Home insurance covers everything.

While home insurance provides comprehensive coverage, it does not cover every possible event or circumstance. For example, home insurance will not cover wear and tear or lack of maintenance.


Myth 2: Home insurance is too expensive.

The cost of home insurance varies depending on various factors, including the value of your home, location, coverage options, and deductible. You never know what you might get, so it won’t hurt to look into it.


Myth 3: Renters don’t need home insurance.

While homeowners are responsible for insuring the structure, renters can consider tenant insurance to protect their personal belongings and liability.


Myth 4: Home insurance covers flood damage

Standard home insurance does not cover flood damage. If you live in an area prone to flooding, consider purchasing additional flood insurance.

Final Thoughts

Home insurance may not be mandatory in Canada, but we highly recommend investing in it if you own a home or are considering buying one. Home insurance can provide peace of mind and financial protection for a variety of incidents and can save you money in emergencies. Furthermore, most lenders will require that you invest in home insurance if you start a mortgage agreement with them, leaving you little choice in the matter.

Whatever the reasons, protecting your home and financial well-being will always be worthwhile. So, do your research and find the right home insurance policy for you. 

Author Bio

Mohamed Konate

Mohamed Konate is a personal finance expert, blogger, and marketing consultant based out of Toronto. He is a former financial services professional who worked for many years at major Canadian financial institutions where he managed the marketing strategy around various financial products ranging from credit cards to lines of credit. Mohamed is passionate about personal finance and holds a Bachelor in Business Administration from the University of Quebec (Montreal) and a Master in International Business from the University of Sherbrooke (Quebec).He is also the author of the Canadian Credit Card Guidebook. Read his full author bio